On This Day [ Feb 23 ]

 

Sun, Feb 23, 2020 -Quote Of The Day...

* " Love is sentimental measles. "

On This Day In History...

In 0303 - Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians

In 1455 - Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, the Bible (estimated date)

In 1574 - France begins 5th Holy War against Huguenots

In 1660 - Charles XI becomes king of Sweden

In 1668 - Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued

In 1672 - Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam

In 1689 - Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England

In 1778 - Baron von Steuben joins the Continental Army at Valley Forge

In 1792 - Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)

In 1792 - Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G, premieres

In 1804 - Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII

In 1813 - 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham MA

In 1820 - Cato Street conspiracy uncovered

In 1821 - College of Apothecaries organized in Philadelphia; 1st US pharmacy college

In 1822 - Boston is incorporated as a city

In 1836 - Alamo besieged by Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed

In 1846 - Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated

In 1847 - Battle of Buena Vista, México; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans

In 1852 - "H M S Birkenhead" sinks off South Africa killing 420 troops

In 1854 - Great-Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein

In 1861 - By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US

In 1861 - Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns

In 1861 - President-elect Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington DC to take office

In 1869 - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law

In 1870 - Mississippi is re-admitted to US

In 1874 - Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)

In 1883 - Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law

In 1883 - American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)

In 1886 - Aluminum manufacturing process developed

In 1886 - London Times publishes world's 1st classified ad

In 1886 - Tsjaikovski's symphony "Manfred" premieres

In 1887 - Congress grants Seal Rocks to San Francisco

In 1887 - French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die

In 1892 - 1st college student government established, Bryn Mawr PA

In 1894 - Stanley Cup Montréal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play

In 1895 - William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia

In 1895 - Jaap Eden skates world record 10 km (17:56)

In 1896 - Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield

In 1898 - In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus

In 1900 - Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in San Francisco Bay

In 1900 - Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)

In 1903 - Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA

In 1904 - Control of Panamá Canal Zone acquired by US for $10 million

In 1905 - Rotary Club International established by 4 men in Chicago

In 1906 - Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart for heavyweight boxing champion in 20 rounds

In 1909 - Russian tsar Nicolas II dissolves Finnish Diet

In 1910 - 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)

In 1910 - George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance" premieres in London

In 1915 - Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin

In 1915 - Nevada enforces convenient divorce law

In 1916 - Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin

In 1916 - French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun

In 1917 - February revolution begins in Russia

In 1919 - Benito Mussolini founds the Facist party of Italy

In 1921 - 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in New York NY from San Francisco CA

In 1923 - German Republic day with laws against worker

In 1923 - Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%

In 1927 - President Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FCC predecessor)

In 1934 - Casey Stengel becomes manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers

In 1934 - Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium

In 1936 - 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake NY

In 1938 - Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title

In 1939 - Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champion

In 1940 - Russian troops conquer Lasi Island

In 1940 - Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio", released

In 1942 - Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood CA

In 1943 - General-Major Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh

In 1943 - German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia

In 1945 - US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue

In 1945 - 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London

In 1945 - Canadian troops occupy Kalkar

In 1945 - Operation Grenade General Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr

In 1947 - General Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170 million in aid for European Jews

In 1954 - 1st mass inoculation with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)

In 1954 - Syrian army drives out President Adib el-Shishakli

In 1955 - Edgar Faure forms French government

In 1956 - 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow

In 1956 - Russian party leader Khrushchev attacks memory of Stalin

In 1957 - "Mr Wonderful" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 383 performances

In 1958 - 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels

In 1958 - Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913)

In 1958 - Arturo Frondizi elected President of Argentina

In 1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

In 1959 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open

In 1959 - KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton CA (PBS) begins broadcasting

In 1960 - Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)

In 1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

In 1964 - Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A's in Kansas City

In 1965 - Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president

In 1966 - Aldo Moro forms Italian government

In 1966 - Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government

In 1966 - Premier Obote grabs power in Uganda

In 1967 - 25th amendment (Presidential succession) declared ratified

In 1967 - John Herbert's "Fortune & Men's Eyes" premieres in New York NY

In 1967 - Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner

In 1967 - US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War

In 1968 - Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBAer to score 25,000 points

In 1969 - Nayif Hawatimah forms Democratic People's Front for Liberation of Palestine

In 1969 - WWVU (now WNPB) TV channel 24 in Morgantown WV (PBS) 1st broadcast

In 1970 - Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)

In 1970 - Holy Eucharist given by women for 1st time in Roman Catholic service

In 1971 - George Harrison is fined & his driving license is suspended for 1 year as a result of several speeding tickets and a dispute with the police

In 1971 - Lieutenant Calley confesses & implicates Captain Medina

In 1971 - Boston Bruins begin 13 NHL game win streak

In 1973 - Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London

In 1974 - Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Confessions of an Orth"

In 1975 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic

In 1976 - Owners announce spring training won't open without a labor contract

In 1978 - 20th Grammy Awards Hotel California, Fleetwood Mac, Debbie Boone win

In 1979 - Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps

In 1979 - George Harrison releases "George Harrison" album

In 1979 - "Sarava" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 140 performances

In 1980 - Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating golds at Lake Placid Olympics

In 1980 - Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-million-gallon spill

In 1980 - 13th Winter Olympics games close at Lake Placid NY

In 1980 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island

In 1981 - People magazine features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips

In 1981 - Spanish coup under Lieutenant-Colonel Antonio Tejero Molina fails

In 1982 - Michael Frayn's "Noises Off" premieres in London

In 1983 - USFL New Jersey Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 million)

In 1983 - 25th Grammy Awards Rosanna, Toto IV, Men at Work win

In 1985 - Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight throws a chair during a game

In 1985 - US Senate confirms Edwin Meese III as Attorney General

In 1986 - Despite losing, Red Sox Wade Boggs gets largest arbitration ($1.35M)

In 1986 - Mary Beth Zimmerman wins LPGA Standard Register/Samaritan Golf Classic

In 1986 - Nelli Fiere-Cooman runs world record 60 meter indoor (7.00 seconds)

In 1987 - Supernova 1987A in LMC 1st seen; 1st naked-eye supernova since 1604

In 1987 - Dick Howser retires from managing Kansas City Royals, due to brain tumor

In 1987 - Russian Writers Union accepts Boris Pasternak posthumous as member

In 1988 - 15th Winter Olympics games opens in Calgary, Alberta

In 1988 - Chicago gives Cubs right to install lights & play up to 18 night games

In 1988 - Yvonne van Gennip skates female record 3k (4:11.94)

In 1990 - Ian Smith 173 New Zealand vs India, 136 balls, world record for no 9 bat

In 1991 - US insists Iraq publicly announce it is leaving Kuwait by 12 PM EST

In 1991 - Greg Haugen scores a split decision over Hector "Macho" Camacho

In 1991 - Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested

In 1991 - North Carolina is 1st NCAA basketball team to win 1,500 games

In 1991 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open

In 1992 - 16th Winter Olympics games close in Albertville, France

In 1992 - Andy Flower scores 115 on ODI debut, Zimbabwe vs Sri Lanka

In 1993 - Gary Coleman wins $1,280,000 lawsuit against parents for high fees

In 1993 - India complete a 3-0 series drubbing of England

In 1993 - Sacramento Gold Miners admitted as CFL's 9th franchise (1st US team)

In 1994 - Indians owner Richard Jacobs announces he will pay $10 million to name baseball field (Jacobs Field) at Gateway (becomes official 3/23)

In 1995 - "Uncle Vanya" opens at Circle in Square Theater NYC for 29 performances

In 1995 - Antoine Nduwayo appointed Premier of Burundi

In 1995 - Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for 1st time (4,003.33)

In 1996 - Mark Waugh scores 130 in World Cup vs Kenya, 207 w/brother Steve

In 1996 - Rajindra Dhanraj takes 9-97 for Trinidad against Leeward Islands

In 1997 - Ali Abu Kamal opens fire in Empire State Building & kills 1

In 1997 - American Express Senior Golf Invitational

In 1997 - Jeff Sluman wins Tucson Golf Classic

In 1997 - NBC TV shows "Schindler's List", completely uncensored, 65 million watch

In 1997 - Scientists in Scotland announced they succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly"

In 1997 - Tucson Chrysler Golf Classic

In 1998 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Charleston SC on WAVF 96.1 FM

In 1998 - Supreme Court lets Megan's Law stand

In 1998 - Tornadoes in Florida kills at least 31

Feb 23 -Birthdays

In 1417 - Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italy, Pope (1464-71)

In 1614 - Jacob Colijn(s) Dutch coat of arms painter

In 1615 - Cornelis Galle II Flemish engraver/illustrator, baptised

In 1633 - Samuel Pepys London England, navy expert/composer (Diary, Memoirs)

In 1649 - John Blow composer of 1st English opera (Venus & Adonis) (baptized)

In 1685 - George Frideric Händel Halle Germany, organist/baroque composer (Messiah)

In 1700 - Wilhelmus Schortinghuis Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)

In 1730 - Christian Joseph Lidarti composer

In 1734 - Mayer Amschel Rothschild Frankfurt, founder (House of Rothschild)

In 1776 - John Walter II London, chief proprietor (The London Times, 1812-47)

In 1787 - Emma Willard US, opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)

In 1792 - Istvan Ferenczi Hungarian sculptor

In 1811 - George Washington Hewitt composer

In 1817 - George Watts London, painter

In 1818 - Major General Jeremy F Gilmer General/Chief Engineer Confederate War Department

In 1824 - Herman N van der Tuuk Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar)

In 1824 - Lewis Cass Hunt Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886

In 1831 - Hendrik W Mesdag Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)

In 1834 - Gustav Hermann Nachtigal German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunisia

In 1838 - Gilbert Moxley Sorrel Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901

In 1840 - Carl Menger Austrian economist

In 1848 - Thomas Paine Westendorf composer

In 1859 - Theodor Batthyányi Hungarian statesman/contra revolutionary

In 1863 - Franz von Stuck German painter (Der Krieg)

In 1865 - Barney Dreyfuss baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)

In 1868 - William E B Du Bois Great Barrington MA, civil rights writer (Souls of Black Folk)

In 1869 - Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya Russian revolutionary (Social-Democrat)

In 1873 - Dmitri Arakishvili composer

In 1874 - Konstantin Päts Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)

In 1875 - Jozef E Stokvis journalist/Dutch MP (SDAP)

In 1876 - Agnes M Royden writer

In 1876 - Wadi' Sabra composer

In 1879 - Agnes Arber English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)

In 1879 - Norman Lindsay Creswick Victoria, artist/novelist

In 1880 - Edgar Istel composer

In 1881 - Titus [Anno S] Brandsma Dutch philosopher

In 1882 - Ladislav Vycpalek composer

In 1883 - Victor Fleming Pasadena CA, director (Wizard of Oz, Gone With Wind)

In 1883 - Karl Jaspers Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher

In 1884 - Frank Cellier Surbiton England, actor (Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade)

In 1884 - Herman Courtens Belgian painter

In 1886 - Albert Edward Sammons composer

In 1886 - Ventura García Calderón Peruvian diplomat/author

In 1887 - Oskar Frederik Lindberg composer

In 1889 - Cyril Delevanti England, actor (Lucius-Jefferson Davis, Black Eye)

In 1889 - Frederik M baron of Asbeck Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)

In 1892 - Kathleen Harrison actress (Fast Lady, Big Money, West 11)

In 1895 - Richard Goolden London England, actor (School for Husbands)

In 1898 - Reinhard Herbig German archaeologist

In 1899 - E Langgässer writer

In 1899 - Erich Kästner Dresden German author (Emil & the Detective)

In 19-- - Catherine Larson actress (Ryan's Hope)

In 1900 - Elinor Remick Warren composer

In 1901 - Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel author (Mieke-serial)

In 1903 - Grigori V Aleksandrov Russian director (Veselye Rebjata)

In 1904 - William L Shirer historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich)

In 1904 - Leopold Trepper Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)

In 1905 - Leonidas Zoras composer

In 1907 - Anthony Standerwick Heal businessman

In 1908 - Sir William McMahon PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72)

In 1909 - Frank Ward cricketer (Australian leggie late 30s)

In 1911 - G Mennen Williams Detroit MI, Sup Court Justice/(Governor-D-MI, 1949-60)

In 1911 - Walter Ernest Allen writer/critic

In 1913 - Charles Leonard US, pentathlete (Olympics-1936)

In 1913 - Earl of Lincoln

In 1914 - Margaret Farrer CEO (Central Midwives Board)

In 1915 - Heinrich Schirmbeck German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth)

In 1916 - George Abel Canada, ice hockey player (Olympics-gold-1972)

In 1916 - Martindale Sidwell organist/conductor

In 1916 - William Walsh academic

In 1917 - Kenneth Tobey actor (Chuck-Whirlybirds)

In 1918 - Dom Aelred Watkin headmaster (Downside School)

In 1919 - Johnny Carey soccer star

In 1919 - Lord Ezra

In 1920 - Hall Overton Bangor MI, composer (Enchanted Pear Tree)

In 1920 - David Wright poet

In 1920 - Lord St Levan

In 1923 - Gery Florizoone Flemish poet

In 1924 - Lejaren Hiller composer

In 1925 - Ian Smith cricket leg-spinner (South Africa 1947-58 average 64.08)

In 1925 - Louis Stokes (Representative-D-OH, 1969- )

In 1926 - Regine Crespin French vocalist (Sheherazade, Les Nuits D'ete)

In 1927 - Ivan Hrusovsky composer

In 1928 - Duke of Beaufort

In 1928 - Vasily Grigoryevich Lazarev Siberia USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A)

In 1929 - Elston Howard Yankee catcher (1st black New York Yankee/1963 AL MVP)

In 1929 - Eduard W "Ed" Bauer [Eddy Evers], Dutch actor (Bluejackets)

In 1929 - Régine Crespin Marseilles France, operatic soprano

In 1929 - Richard Moryl composer

In 1930 - Harry Boldt German Federal Republic, equestrian dressage (Olympics-gold-1976)

In 1930 - Johnny Seven New York NY, actor (Ironside, Amy Prentiss)

In 1930 - Gerry Davis writer

In 1930 - Imre Gyongyossy film Maker

In 1930 - Jef Geeraerts Flemish writer (Black Venus)

In 1931 - Tom Wesselman US sculptor (Great American Nudes)

In 1933 - Donna J Stone poet

In 1933 - Lee Quencey Calhoun Laurel MS, 110 meter hurdler (Olympics-gold-1956, 60)

In 1934 - Lady Digby

In 1937 - David Ward president (Law Society)

In 1937 - Lord Tugendhat

In 1937 - Tom Osborne college football coach

In 1938 - Diane Varsi San Mateo CA, actress (Peyton Place)

In 1938 - Sylvia Chase St Paul MN, newscaster (ABC Weekend News, 20/20)

In 1939 - Josef Feistmantl Austria, lugeist (Olympics-gold-1964)

In 1939 - Majel Barrett Columbus OH, actress (Christine Chapel-Star Trek)

In 1939 - Edmund Boyd Fisher publisher

In 1940 - Peter Fonda actor (Easy Rider, Lilith, Wild Angels, Trip)

In 1940 - Jermyn P Brooks CEO (Price Waterhouse Europe)

In 1941 - William Hjörtsberg New York NY, writer (Gray Matters, Fallen Angel)

In 1941 - Frank Gerstenberg Edinburgh, principal (George Watson's College)

In 1941 - Robin Bynoe cricketer (West Indies opening batsman in 4 Tests 1959-67)

In 1942 - Beau Boulter (Representative-R-TX, 1985- )

In 1942 - Colin Sanders founder (Solid State Logic)

In 1942 - John Lewis Head Master (Eton College)

In 1943 - Fred Biletnikoff NFL wide receiver (Oakland Raiders)

In 1943 - Jada Rowland New York NY, actress (Penny-Hamptons, Amy-Secret Storm)

In 1943 - Bobby Wayne Mitchell Chatham VA, PGA golfer (1971 Cleveland Open)

In 1944 - Johnny Winter [John Dawson], Leland MS, guitarist (Silver Train)

In 1944 - James Cousins British MP

In 1944 - Mike Maxfield rocker (Billy J Kramer & The Dakotas)

In 1945 - Frank Murray police Officer

In 1946 - Rusty Young California, rock steel guitarist (Poco-Heat of the Night)

In 1947 - Anton Mosimann chef

In 1947 - Colin Sanders British computer engineer (Solid State Logic)

In 1947 - Geoff Cope cricketer (England off-spinner 1977-78)

In 1947 - Shakira Caine Guyana, actress (Man Who be King)/Miss Guyana (1967)

In 1948 - Bill Alexander theatre director

In 1949 - Anna-Maria Müller German DR, Luge (Olympics-gold-1972)

In 1949 - Larry Demps US R&B vocalist (Dramatics-Me & Mrs Jones)

In 1949 - Marc Garneau Québec City Canada, PhD/astronaut (STS 13, 77)

In 1949 - Maureen Hicks British MP

In 1949 - Terry "Tex" Comer Burnley Lancashire England, bassist/guitarist (Ace-How Long)

In 1950 - Neil Jordan Sligo Ireland, novelist (Dream of a Beast, Past)

In 1950 - Steve Priest London, rock bassist (Sweet Hayes)

In 1951 - Ed "Too Tall" Jones NFL linebacker (Dallas Cowboys)

In 1951 - Nicholas Kenyon controller (BBC Radio 3)

In 1951 - Patricia Richardson Bethesda MD, actress (Home Improvement, Double Trouble)

In 1952 - Brad Whitford Massachusetts, rock guitarist (Aerosmith-Jamie Got a Gun)

In 1953 - Sallie L Baliunas astrophysicist

In 1955 - Howard Jones rock pianist/vocalist (Things Can Only Get Better)

In 1956 - Maren Jensen Glendale CA, actress (Battlestar Galactica)

In 1958 - David Sylvian vocal/guitar (Sylvian Sylvian, Japan-Adolescent Sex)

In 1958 - Lorraine Michaels Canterbury England, playmate (April, 1981)

In 1958 - Ria Brieffies Dutch vocalist (Dolly Dots)

In 1959 - John Arthur Wilson Ceres CA, PGA golfer (1994 Anheuser-Busch-4th)

In 1960 - Cindy Figg-Currier Mt Pleasant MI, golfer (1994 British Open-6th)

In 1960 - Gloria von Thurm un Taxis Munich German Federal Republic, Princess

In 1960 - Maria Gloria von Schönberg-Glauchau wife of prince Thurn un Taxis

In 1960 - Naruhito crown prince of Japan

In 1962 - Melinda Mays Augusta GA, playmate (February 1983)

In 1962 - Michael Wilton rock guitarist (Queensrÿche-The Warning)

In 1963 - Bobby Bonilla New York NY, outfielder (New York Mets, Baltimore Orioles, Marlins)

In 1963 - Debbie Kruck Danbury CT, Ms Fitness USA (1994)

In 1963 - Reza Abdoh theatre director

In 1963 - Robert Collins keyboard player

In 1964 - Byron Evans NFL linebacker (Philadelphia Eagles)

In 1964 - Dana Katherine Scully fictional character (X-Files)

In 1964 - John Norum rocker

In 1965 - Helena Sukova Prague Czechoslovakia, tennis star (1985 US Open Women's Doubles)

In 1965 - Kristin Davis actress (Melrose Place)

In 1965 - Sylvie Guillem France, ballerina (Royal Ballet)

In 1966 - Marc Price actor/comedian (Skippy-Family Ties)

In 1966 - John Druce Peterborough, NHL right wing (Philadelphia Flyers, Los Angeles Kings)

In 1967 - Gord Murphy Willowdale, NHL defenseman (Florida Panthers)

In 1967 - Pam Blundell fashion designer

In 1967 - Steven C Stricker Edgerton WI, PGA golfer (1994 Northern Telecom-2nd)

In 1968 - Stephanie Seymour San Diego CA, actress/model (Sunny Side Up)

In 1969 - Ed McDaniel NFL linebacker (Minnesota Vikings)

In 1969 - Michael Campbell Hawera New Zealand, Australasia golfer

In 1971 - Jason Keller Scarsdale NY, actor (Jason-Out of the Blue)

In 1971 - Shane Keller Scarsdale NY, actor (Shane-Out of the Blue)

In 1971 - Carin Hjalmarsson Koch Kungalv Sweden, golfer (1995 Pinewild-7th)

In 1971 - Torsten Kienass Berlin Germany, hockey defenseman (Team Germany)

In 1972 - Greg Hill NFL running back (Kansas City Chiefs)

In 1972 - Jamie Watson NBA forward (Utah Jazz)

In 1972 - Ryan Grigson NFL guard/tackle (Detroit Lions)

In 1972 - Steve Papin WLAF running back (Scotland Claymores)

In 1973 - Robert Pipkins Staten Island NY, luger (Olympics-1994)

In 1974 - Herschelle Gibbs cricketer (South African Test batsman 1996)

In 1974 - Kenyon Cotton full back (Baltimore Ravens)

In 1975 - Bohdan Utihrach Czechoslovakia, tennis star

In 1975 - Chris Garner NBA guard (Toronto Raptors)

In 1975 - Michael Tricario actor (Randy-Wonder Years)

In 1975 - Pat Barnes quarterback (Kansas City Chiefs)

In 1976 - Dmitriy Dudarev hockey forward (Team Kazakhstan Olympics-1998)

In 1976 - Jeff O'Neill Richmond Hill, NHL center (Hartford Whalers)

In 1977 - Angie Trostel Oxford OH, diver (Olympics-96)

In 1977 - Dally Randriantefy Antananarivo Madag, tennis star (1993 Marseille)

In 1978 - Karolina Rantamaki ice hockey left wing (Finland, Olympics-98)

In 1980 - Yvonne Tousek Kitchener Ontario, gymnastic (Olympics-96)

Feb 23 -Deaths Which Occurred

In 0155 - Polycarp disciple of Apostle John, arrested & burned at stake

In 1447 - Eugene IV [Gabriele Condulmer], Italian Pope (1431-47), dies

In 1468 - John Gutenberg German inventor (boekdrukkunst), dies

In 1554 - Henry Grey Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed

In 1607 - Herman Herbertsz vicar, dies at about 60

In 1660 - Charles X Gustaaf king of Sweden (1654-60), dies at 37

In 1662 - Johann Crüger German organist/composer/music theorist, dies at 63

In 1669 - Lieuwe van Aitzema Frisian historian, dies at 68

In 1682 - Abraham de Wicquefort Dutch diplomat/historian, dies at 75

In 1704 - Georg Muffat French/German organist/composer, dies at 50

In 1718 - François Fagel Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63

In 1766 - Stanislaw Leszcynski duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies

In 1792 - Joshua Reynolds English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at 68

In 1797 - Antoine d'Auvergne French opera composer (Coquette Trompée), dies at 83

In 1806 - John Alcock composer, dies at 90

In 1807 - François Guichard composer, dies at 61

In 1821 - John Keats Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome

In 1821 - Marie-Anne Collot French sculptor, dies

In 1828 - Mihály Fazekar Hungarian botanist/literary (Book of Spices), dies

In 1848 - John Quincy Adams 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80

In 1855 - Carl Friedrich Gauss mathematician, dies

In 1867 - George Thomas Smart composer, dies at 90

In 1884 - Tambo Tambo Australian aboriginal/US circus attraction, dies at 23

In 1897 - Woldemar Bargiel composer, dies at 68

In 1900 - William Butterfield architect of the Gothic revival, dies

In 1902 - Samuel R Gardiner British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72

In 1903 - Albert Cahen composer, dies at 57

In 1903 - Friedrich Grutzmacher composer, dies at 70

In 1906 - Johann Hoch US murderer, executed

In 1913 - Jimmy Sinclair cricketer (3 centuries in 25 Test South Africa career), dies

In 1915 - Robert Smalls Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in South Carolina

In 1916 - George Clement Martin composer, dies at 71

In 1920 - Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky composer, dies at 61

In 1922 - Henri Landru executed for having 11 wives, in France

In 1924 - Thomas Woodrow Wilson 28th US President (1913-21), dies

In 1927 - Sveinbjorn Sveinbjornsson composer, dies at 79

In 1930 - Horst Wessel German Nazi lyricist (Fahne Hoch), dies at 22

In 1930 - Mabel Normand actress/director (Extra Girl), dies at 35

In 1931 - Nellie Melba [Helen Mitchell], Australian soprano, dies

In 1934 - Augusto Sandino Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard

In 1934 - Edward William Elgar English composer (Coronation Ode), dies at 76

In 1935 - Jan Duiker Dutch architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies at 44

In 1937 - Claude Buckenham cricketer (21 wickets in 4 Tests for England 1909-10), dies

In 1942 - Stefan Zweig Austrian writer (Die Welt von Gestern), dies at 60

In 1944 - Leo Hendrick Baekeland inventor (Bakelite), dies

In 1945 - Aleksei Tolstoi Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62

In 1945 - Aubrey Cousins Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle

In 1955 - Paul Claudel French poet/playwright (L'otage), dies at 86

In 1961 - Wilf Ferguson cricket leg spinner (34 wickets for West Indies), dies

In 1965 - Stan Laurel comedian (Laurel & Hardy), dies in California of heart attack at 74

In 1968 - Edna Ferber US author (Giant, Showboat), dies at 80

In 1968 - Fannie Hurst US author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78

In 1969 - Abd al-Aziz Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saud King Saudia, dies at 67

In 1969 - Joseph Messner composer, dies at 75

In 1971 - King Lockwood dies of stroke at 73

In 1972 - Michael Taube composer, dies at 81

In 1974 - Florence Rice actress (Girl in 1313, Carnival), dies at 63

In 1976 - Fuzzy Knight actor (Gun Town, Ragtime Cowboy Joe), dies at 74

In 1976 - L S Lowry painter, dies

In 1980 - Robert Vandekerckhove Belgian politician, dies at 62

In 1983 - Adrian Boult conductor, dies

In 1985 - Alexander Scourby actor (Jesus, Shaggy Dog, Giant), dies at 71

In 1987 - Esmond Knight actor (Black Narcissus, Henry V), dies at 80

In 1990 - Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53

In 1990 - James Gavin commandant US 82nd Airborn Division (Normandy), dies at 82

In 1990 - Jose Napoleon Duarte President of Salvador (1984-89), dies at 62

In 1992 - Jacquelyn Hyde actress (Dark, House of Terror), dies at 61

In 1992 - Markos Vafiades leader (ELAS, 1943-49), dies

In 1993 - Edwin Louis Battle actor (Almost Blue, Chase), dies of stroke at 33

In 1994 - Stuart Berger doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40

In 1995 - Art Kane photographer, dies at 69

In 1995 - David Melvin English Franklin singer, dies at 52

In 1995 - James Herriot Scot author (All Creatures Great & Small), dies at 78

In 1995 - Norman Hunter writer, dies at 95

In 1995 - Peter Guy Wykeham Fighter Pilot-Barnes dies at 79

In 1996 - Freddie Stocks cricket (center on debut & wicket on 1st ball, Notts), dies

In 1996 - George Alan Dawson jazz drummer/teacher, dies at 66

In 1996 - Joseph Walker Barr banker/politician, dies at 78

In 1997 - Oscar Lewenstein impressario, dies at 80

In 1997 - Tony Williams jazz musician, dies at 51

In 1998 - Philip Abbott actor (Arthur Ward-FBI), dies at 74

Feb 23 -Holidays

* Brunei : National Day

* Guyana : Republic Day (1970)

* US : Iwo Jima Day (1945)

* World : Brotherhood Day (1934) - - - - - ( Sunday )

Feb 23 -Religious History

In 155 M- artyrdom of Polycarp, an early Church Father who was a disciple of the Apostle John. Arrested at age 86, Polycarp was burned at the stake for refusing to deny the Christian faith.

In 1744 - Colonial missionary to the American Indians David Brainerd wrote in his journal: 'There is a God in heaven who over-rules all things for the best; and this is the comfort of my soul.'

In 1775 - Anglican hymnwriter John Newton wrote in a letter: 'How great and honorable is the privilege of a true believer! That he has neither wisdom nor strength in himself is no disadvantage, for he is connected with infinite wisdom and almighty power.

In 1834 - Scottish clergyman Robert Murray McCheyne wrote in his journal: 'Rose early to seek God and found Him whom my soul loveth. Who would not rise early to meet such company?'

In 1970 - The Holy Eucharist was distributed by women for the first time in a Roman Catholic service.