On This Day [ April 7 ]


Tuesday, April 7, 2020 -Quote Of The Day...

* " Cheap things are of no value, valuable things are not cheap. "

On This Day In History...

In -451- 1 Attila's Hun's plunder Metz

In 1118- Pope Gelasius II excommunicated Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor

In 1348- Prague U, 1st university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV

In 1456- Louis van Burbon becomes prince-bishop of Luik

In 1498- Crowd storms Savonarola's convent San Marco Florence Italy

In 1509- France declares war on Venice

In 1521- Inquisitor-General Adrian Boeyens bans Lutheran books

In 1521- Magelhaes' fleet reaches Cebu

In 1584- Ieper surrenders to duke Van Parma

In 1625- Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German supreme commander

In 1645- Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil

In 1652- Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, South Africa

In 1655- Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII

In 1712- Slave revolt (New York NY)

In 1724- Johann S Bach's "John Passion" premieres in Leipzig

In 1788- 1st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta

In 1798- Territory of Mississippi is organized

In 1805- Premiere of Beethoven's "Eroica" (conducted by himself)

In 1818- General Andrew Jackson conquers St Marks FL from Seminole Indians

In 1827- English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches

In 1831- Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned emperor of Brazil

In 1860- Grand duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe

In 1862- Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee; Island #10 falls

In 1863- Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter

In 1865- Battle of Farmville VA

In 1888- Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)

In 1891- Nebraska introduces the 8 hour work day

In 1901- SDAP demands General voting right/abolishing First Chamber

In 1902- Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms

In 1906- Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business

In 1917- De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos", premieres in Madrid

In 1917- James Barries' "Old Lady Shows Her", premieres in London

In 1919- 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks

In 1922- Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome", leased to Harry F Sinclair

In 1923- 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney

In 1923- Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party

In 1926- Forest fire burns 900 acres & kills 2 (San Luis Obispo CA)

In 1926- Mussolini's Irish wife breaks his nose

In 1927- Using phone lines TV is sent from Washington DC to New York NY

In 1928- 44-year old New York Ranger General Manager Lester Patrick replaces his injured goaltender in a Stanley Cup game, & beats Montréal Maroons 2-1

In 1931- Seals Stadium opens in San Francisco

In 1933- Prohibition ends, Utah becomes 38th state to ratify 21st Amendment

In 1933- University Bridge, Seattle opens for traffic

In 1933- 1st 2 Nazi anti-Jewish laws, bar Jews from legal & public service

In 1934- In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspends his campaign of civil disobedience

In 1939- Italy annexes Albania

In 1940- 1st black to appear on US stamp (Booker T Washington)

In 1940- 7th Golf Masters Championship Jimmy Demaret beats Lloyd Mangrum, shooting a 280

In 1941- British Generals O'Connor & Neame captured in North Africa

In 1942- Heavy German assault on Malta

In 1943- NFL adopts free substitution rule

In 1943- Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet for an Axis conference in Salzburg

In 1943- British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia

In 1943- Lieutenant Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded in allied air raid

In 1944- General Montgomery speaks to Generals about invasion plan

In 1945- 1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers

In 1945- US B-17's bombs range at Lüneburg

In 1945- US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide mission; superbattleship Yamato & four destroyers are sunk

In 1946- Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR

In 1946- 10th Golf Masters Championship Herman Keiser wins, shooting a 282

In 1948- World Health Organization established by UN

In 1949- Rogers & Hammerstein's "South Pacific" opens at Majestic Theater (for 1928 performances)

In 1951- American Bowling Congress begins 1st masters tournament

In 1951- 15th Golf Masters Championship Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 280

In 1951- US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

In 1953- 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight

In 1953- Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden elected 2nd UN General-Secretary

In 1954- German government refuses to recognize DDR

In 1954- President Dwight Eisenhower fears "domino-effect" in Indo-China

In 1954- WALB TV channel 10 in Albany GA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting

In 1956- Spain relinquishes her protectorate in Morocco

In 1956- 10th NBA Championship Philadelphia Warriors beat Fort Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 1

In 1957- 21st Golf Masters Championship Doug Ford wins, shooting a 283

In 1957- Last of New York's electric trolleys completes its final run

In 1958- Dodgers erect 42-foot screen in left field at Los Angeles Coliseum to cut down on home runs, since it is only 250 feet down the line

In 1959- Radar 1st bounced off sun, Stanford CA

In 1959- Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years

In 1962- Umrigar slams 172 vs West Indies at Port-of-Spain in 248 minutes

In 1962- Yugoslav ex-president Milovan Djilas returns to jail

In 1963- Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic

In 1963- 27th Golf Masters Championship Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 286

In 1963- Public stock offering of 115,000 shares in Milwaukee Braves withdrawn after only 13,000 shares are sold to 1,600 new investors

In 1965- Bevan Congdon makes a stumping as 12th man New Zealand vs Pakistan

In 1966- US recovers lost H-bomb from Mediterranean floor (whoops!)

In 1967- Israeli/Syrian border fights

In 1967- Tom Donahue, San Francisco dj begins new radio format - Progressive (KMPX-FM)

In 1969- Dodgers' Bill Singer is credited with 1st official save, against Reds

In 1969- Supreme Court strikes down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material

In 1969- Ted Williams begins managing Washington Senators, they lose to Yankees 8-4

In 1970- "Effects of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-moon Marigolds", premieres in NYC

In 1970- 42nd Academy Awards - "Midnight Cowboy", John Wayne & Maggie Smith win

In 1970- Milwaukee Brewers (former Seattle Pilots) 1st game, lose to Angels 12-0

In 1971- Dismissal of Curt Flood's suit against baseball is upheld by Supreme Court

In 1971- President Richard Nixon orders Lieutenant Calley (My Lai) free

In 1971- WCJB TV channel 20 in Gainesville FL (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting 3-judge US Circuit Court of Appeals

In 1973- Cleveland sets day-game & opening-game attendance records of 74,420

In 1973- Doug Walters' best Test Cricket bowling, 5-66 vs West Indies Georgetown

In 1974- Herb Gardner's "Thieves", premieres in NYC

In 1976- Chinese Politburo fires vice-premier Deng Xiaoping

In 1977- Consumer Product Safety Commission bans the flame-retardant chemical "TRIS"

In 1977- Toronto Blues Jays 1st game, they beat Chicago 9-5

In 1978- President Jimmy Carter defers production of the neutron bomb

In 1978- Guttenberg bible sold for $2,000,000 in NYC

In 1978- US Court of Appeals upholds Commissioner Kuhn's voiding of attempted player sales by A's owner Charlie Finley in June 1976

In 1979- Henri La Mothe dives 28' into 12 3/8" of water

In 1979- Houston Astro Ken Forsch pitches no-hitter against Atlanta Braves, 6-0

In 1979- Islander's Mike Bossy scores 4 goals against Flyers

In 1980- Jimmy Carter breaks relations with Iran during hostage crisis

In 1981- Willem Klein mentally extracts 13th root of a 100-digit # in 29 seconds

In 1981- Belgium Eyskens government forms

In 1982- Pittsburgh Penguins 1-New York Islanders 8-Preliminary-Islanders hold 1-0 lead

In 1982- Iran minister of Foreign affairs Ghotbzadeh arrested

In 1983- STS-6 specialist Story Musgrave & Don Peterson 1st STS spacewalk

In 1983- Washington Capitals 4-New York Islanders 2-Patrick Division Semifinals-series tied 1-1

In 1983- WIBC Championship Tournament in Las Vegas, attracts 75,480 women bowlers for 83-day event

In 1983- Oldest human skeleton, aged 80,000 years, discovered in Egypt

In 1984- Detroit Tiger Jack Morris pitches no-hitter against Chicago White Sox, 4-0

In 1985- 1st live telecast of Easter Parade

In 1985- 14th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Alice Miller

In 1985- New Jersey General Hershel Walker runs for USFL record 233 yards

In 1986- Wrestlemania II at 3 locations, Hulk Hogan beats King Kong Bundy

In 1987- National Museum of Female Physicians opens in Washington DC

In 1988- New Jersey Devils 3-2 over New York Islanders, 1st NHL playoff round tied 1-1

In 1988- Gerrit John Heijns murderer, arrested

In 1988- Russia announces it will withdraw its troops from Afghánistán

In 1988- US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

In 1989- New York Supreme Court takes America's Cup away from San Diego Yacht Club for using a catamaran against New Zealand; Appeals court eventually overrules

In 1989- Soviet sub sinks in Norwegian Sea, with about a dozen deaths

In 1990- Farm Aid IV concert

In 1990- Fire kills 110 on a ferry in Norway, in an unrelated event, 30 die in a ferry flip over in Burma

In 1990- John Poindexter (National Security Advisor) found guilty on Iran-Contra scandal

In 1990- Michael Milken pleads innocent to security law violations

In 1990- New York Rangers beat New York Islanders 5-2, Rangers lead 2-0 in preliminary NHL playoff

In 1990- BPAA US Open by Ron Palombi Jr

In 1991- George Washington Bridge raises toll from $3.00 to $4.00

In 1991- Wrestlemania VII scheduled in Los Angeles CA, actually performed 03/24

In 1991- "Big Love" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 41 performances

In 1991- "Shadowlands" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC after 169 performances

In 1991- 3rd Seniors Golf Tradition Jack Nicklaus

In 1991- Chris Johnson wins LPGA Ping/Welch's Golf Championship

In 1991- Compton Gamma Ray Observatory orbits Earth

In 1993- Dante Bichette hits the 1st Colorado Rockie homerun (Shea Stadium, New York)

In 1994- "Medea" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 82 performances

In 1994- 1st night game at Cleveland's Jacobs Field, Indians 6 Seattle 2

In 1994- New York Yankees beat Texas Rangers 18-6

In 1994- Shannen Doherty files for divorce from Ashley Hamilton

In 1994- Singer Percy Sledge pleads guilty to tax evasion

In 1994- Vatican acknowledges Holocaust (Nazi's killing Jews) for 1st time

In 1995- Baseball exhibition season begins late due to strike

In 1996- 8th Seniors Golf Tradition Jack Nicklaus wins

In 1996- Jayasuriya hits fastest ODI fifty off 17 balls vs Pakistan, Singapore

In 1996- Kelly Robbins wins Sacramento 12 Bridges LPGA Golf Classic

In 1996- Pakistan beat Sri Lanka to win Singer Cup in Singapore

In 1997- Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Fort Myers FL on WRXK 96.1 FM

April 7 -Birthdays

In 1506- St Francis Xavier Jesuit missionary to India, Malaya, & Japan

In 1534- José de Anchieta Spanish jesuit/missionary (Brazilian Tupi-Indians)

In 1613- Gerard Dou Dutch painter (Night School)

In 1622- Louise Hollandine daughter of King Frederik V & Elizabeth Stuart

In 1629- Juan José of Austria, Spanish General/Governor of Netherlands

In 1648- Ferdinand van Kessel Flemish painter

In 1694- Coelestin Praelisauer composer

In 1699- Andreas Benedikt Praelisauer composer

In 1727- Henri Hardouin composer

In 1727- Michel Adanson French biologist (Natural History of Sénégal)

In 1745- Georg Druschetzky composer

In 1748- Georg Wenzel Ritter composer

In 1756- Charles Felix King of Sardina (1821-31)

In 1763- Domenico Dragonetti composer

In 1768- Karl Theodor Toeschi composer

In 1770- William Wordsworth England, poet laureate (The Prelude)

In 1772- F M Charles Fourier French socialist

In 1775- Francis C Lowell founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill

In 1780- William Ellery Channing US, Unitarian clergyman

In 1786- William Rufus DeVane King (D) 13th US Vice President (1853)

In 1801- Henry Eagle Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882

In 1803- Flora Tristan writer

In 1805- Francis Wilkinson Pickens (Governor-SC, Confederacy), died in 1869

In 1819- Hubert Leonard composer

In 1820- György Klapka Hungarian General/MP (Komárom-castle)

In 1822- Gershom Mott Major General (Union volunteers)

In 1826- Johann Hermann Berens composer

In 1841- Alfred Cogniaux Belgian botanicus

In 1841- Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys painter

In 1847- J P Jacobsen writer

In 1851- Otto Adolf Klauwell composer

In 1858- Adrien H Gerhard Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)

In 1859- Walter Camp Connecticut, father of American football (Yale)

In 1860- W K Kellogg a real corn flake

In 1869- David Grandison Fairchild US, botanist/explorer, brought plants to US

In 1870- Gustav Landauer German socialist

In 1870- Joseph Ryeland Belgian composer/Baron

In 1872- William Monroe Trotter famous African

In 1878- C M M Hathorn cricketer (South African Test centurion in 1905-06)

In 1878- Jozef C Bittremieux Flemish theologist (Virgin & Mother of God)

In 1882- Bert "Dainty" Ironmonger cricketer (belated Australian representative 1928-33)

In 1882- Kurt von Schleiger German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)

In 1884- Charles Dodd English new testament authority

In 1884- Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal Dutch politician/resistance fighter

In 1889- Gabriela Mistral Chilean poet (Desolación, Tenderness)/Nobel 1945

In 1890- Marjory Stoneman Douglas environmentalist (1st Lady of Everglades)

In 1893- Allan W Dulles US diplomat/CIA head 1953-61 (Germany's Underground)

In 1893- Irene Castle dancer (leader in anti-vivisection movement)

In 1894- Gerald Brenan English writer

In 1895- Eduardo Toldra composer

In 1895- Lewis B Combs naval commander/civil engineer

In 1896- Benny Leonard lightweight boxing champion (1917-25)

In 1897- Walter Winchell Harlem New York NY, newscaster/columnist (Untouchables)

In 1897- Harald Sigurd Johan Saeverud composer

In 1899- Robert Marcel Casadesus French pianist/composer (Prix Diémer)

In 1900- Elaine Miles actress (Marilyn-Northern Exposure)

In 1900- Morris Johnson Jr drag race car driver

In 1900- Shane rocker (Electric Angels-I Believe, Whiplash)

In 1900- Tebbs Lloyd Johnson England, 50K walker (Olympics-bronze-1952)

In 1903- Willi Forst Austrian actor/director (Im weissen Rössl)

In 1908- Percy Faith conductor (Summer Place)

In 1908- Le Duan Vietnamese politician

In 1912- John Adrian Hope politician/businessman

In 1912- Valčre Depauw Flemish writer

In 1914- Sydney Thompson rock climber

In 1915- Billie Holiday [Eleanora Fagan] Philadelphia PA, singer (Ain't Nobody's Business)

In 1915- Henry Kuttner US, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were, Startling Worlds of Henry Kuttner)

In 1917- R G Armstrong Birmingham AL, actor (T.H.E. Cat)

In 1918- Peanuts Hucko Syracuse NY, dixieland clarinetist (Lawrence Welk Show)

In 1918- Ronald Howard Norwood England, actor (Naked Edge, Africa-Texas Style)

In 1918- C B Bertie Clarke cricketer (Barbados & West Indian leg-spinner)

In 1918- Peter Aryans [PCJ Vander] Dutch radio actor (Shoot Out)

In 1919- Edoardo Mangiarotti Italy, épée (Olympics-gold-1952)

In 1919- Ralph Flanagan Loraine OH, orchestra leader (Let's Dance)

In 1920- Ravi Shankar Benares India, sitar player (Sounds of India)

In 1920- Terence Edward Armstrong polar geographer

In 1922- Kenneth Howard Peacock composer

In 1924- Nick Perito Denver CO, orchestra leader (Don Knotts Show, Big Show)

In 1924- Harry Cordon comic/host (Fred Haché Show)

In 1924- Ikuma Dan composer

In 1926- Johannes Rood Dutch immunologist (Eurotransplant)

In 1928- Alan J Pakula director (All the President's Men, Klute)

In 1928- James [Scott Bumgarner] Garner Norman OK, actor (Rockford Files, Bret Maverick)

In 1928- James White UK, sci-fi author (Star Surgeon, Star Healer)

In 1930- Andrew Sachs actor (Manuel-Fawlty Towers)

In 1931- Donald Barthelme Philadelphia PA, writer (Snow White, Sadness)

In 1931- Daniel Ellsberg whistleblower (Pentagon Papers)/patriot

In 1932- Louis "Mr Bo" Collins Indianola MS, blues singer (If Trouble Was Money)

In 1933- Wayne Rogers Birmingham AL, actor (MASH, House Calls, Chiefs)

In 1934- Ian Richards Edinburgh Scotland, actor (Montgomery-Ike)

In 1935- Hodding Carter III press secretary (Jimmy Carter)

In 1935- Bobby Bare Irontown OH, country singer (Detroit City)

In 1935- Yvonne Fedderson co-founder (Childhelp USA)

In 1937- [Big] Charlie Thomas New York NY, jazz/rock singer (Drifters)

In 1938- Freddie Hubbard Indianapolis IN, jazz trumpeter (Art Blakey)

In 1938- Yvonne Lime Glendale CA, actress (Father Knows Best, Dobie Gillis)

In 1938- [Edmund G] Jerry Brown Jr San Francisco CA, (Governor-Democrat-CA, 1975-83)

In 1939- David Frost Tenderdon England, TV host (That Was the Week That Was)

In 1939- Donald L Holmquest Dallas TX, astronaut

In 1939- Francis Ford Coppola Detroit MI, film maker (Godfather, Apocalypse Now, American Graffiti)

In 1940- Jan Wilhelm Morthenson composer

In 1940- Patricia Paay Dutch singer (You are not hip)

In 1942- Edda Barends actress (Arthur & Eva)

In 1943- Roberta Shore [Schourup] Monterey Park CA, actress/singer (Virginian)

In 1943- Dennis Amiss cricketer (prolific English batsman)

In 1943- Mick Abrahams Luton Bedfordshire England, rock guitarist (Jethro Tull-This Was)

In 1943- Spencer Dryden New York NY, rock drummer (Jefferson Airplane-Go Ask Alice)

In 1946- Bill Kreutzmann Palo Alto CA, drummer (Grateful Dead, Grass Roots)

In 1946- Barbara Benary composer

In 1947- Patricia Bennett US singer (He's So Fine)

In 1949- John Oates guitarist/vocalist (Hall & Oates-Rich Girl)

In 1951- Janis Ian [Janis Eddy Fink] New York NY, folk singer (Society's Child, At 17)

In 1951- John Dittrich Union NJ, country singer (Restless Heart-Wheels)

In 1952- Bruce Gary Burbank CA, rock drummer (Knack-My Sharona)

In 1952- Jane Frederick US pentathlete (Olympics-7th-1976)

In 1953- Everard Endt US, yachting (Olympics-gold-1952)

In 1954- Donna White LPGA golfer

In 1954- Jackie Chan martial art actor (Rumble in the Bronx)

In 1954- Tony Dorsett NFL running back (Dallas Cowboys, Heisman Trophy)

In 1955- Andrea Fisher artist

In 1956- Gail Lee Hirata LPGA golfer

In 1958- Alexandra Neil Boston MA, actress (Rose-Guiding Light)

In 1958- Tony Ayre rocker (Adventures-Sea of Love)

In 1960- Simon Climie rock vocalist/keyboardist (Climie Fisher-Love Changes)

In 1962- Andy Hampsten Columbus OH, cyclist (Olympics-96)

In 1962- Bonny Warner Mount Baldy CA, lugist

In 1962- Hugh Edward Ralph O'Connor actor (In the Heat of the Night)

In 1964- Helen Wadsworth S Wales, golfer (Curtis Cup 1990)

In 1964- Joe Durant Pensacola FL, Nike golfer (1992 Boise Open-7th)

In 1965- Alexander Mronz Cologne Germany, tennis star

In 1965- Kaushik Amalean cricketer (two Tests for Sri Lanka 1986-88)

In 1966- Teri Ann Linn Honolulu HI, actress (Kristen-Bold & Beautiful)

In 1967- Steve Wisniewski NFL guard (Oakland Raiders)

In 1968- Bill Bellamy actor (Fled, How to be a Player, Joey Breaker)

In 1968- Don[ald] Smith North Tonawanda NY, rower (Olympics-5th-1996)

In 1969- Clark Sheehan Denver CO, cyclist (Olympics-96)

In 1969- Jeremy Lincoln NFL cornerback (Chicago Bears, Seattle Seahawks)

In 1969- Peggy Clasen St Paul MN, speed skater (Olympics-1994)

In 1969- Ricky Bones Salinas Puerto Rico, pitcher (Milwaukee Brewers, New York Yankees)

In 1969- Ricky Watters NFL running back (Philadelphia Eagles)

In 1970- Alexander Karpovtsev Moscow Russia, NHL defenseman (New York Rangers)

In 1970- Kevin Smith NFL cornerback (Dallas Cowboys)

In 1971- Cara Kendra Bernosky Miss Pennsylvania-USA (1997)

In 1971- Mark Thompson Russellville KY, pitcher (Colorado Rockies)

In 1971- Stephen Brimacombe Australian 100 meter/200 meter (Olympics-96)

In 1971- Victor Kraatz Berlin Germany, Canadian ice dancer (1995 World Champions-4th)

In 1972- Greg Clark tight end (San Francisco 49ers)

In 1972- Joanne Brown Australian softball catcher/1st baseman (Olympics-bronze-96)

In 1972- Lovett Purnell wide receiver (New England Patriots)

In 1972- Malcolm Huckaby NBA guard (Miami Heat)

In 1972- Shana Williams Bridgeton NJ, long jumper/heptathlete

In 1974- Anita Maxwell WNBA forward (Cleveland Rockers)

In 1975- Beverly Peele super model (Elle)

In 1975- Ronde Barber cornerback (Tampa Bay Buccaneers)

In 1975- Tiki Barber running back (New York Giants)

In 1975- Victoria Adams "Posh Spice", Hertfordshire, vocalist (Spice Girls)

In 1976- Erich Goldmann Dingolfing Germany, hockey defenseman (Team Germany 1998)

In 1978- Siobhan Drake-Brockman Bunbury Australia, tennis star (1994 Port Pirie)

April 7 -Deaths Which Occurred

In --30- 30 Jesus crucified by Roman troops in Jerusalem (scholars' estimate, according to astronomer Schaefer)

In -924- 4 Berengarius I Emperor of Italy, murdered

In 1444- John Capreolus French theologist (Libri IV), dies at about 50

In 1498- Charles VIII King of France (1483-98), dies at 27

In 1524- Philip of Burgundy bishop of Utrecht, dies

In 1614- El Greco Spanish painter (View of Toledo), dies (birth date unknown)

In 1719- Jean-Baptiste de la Salle French priest/theory/saint, dies at 67

In 1766- Tiberius Hemsterhuis Dutch classicist, dies at 81

In 1767- Franz Sparry composer, dies at 51

In 1768- Michel Mathieu composer, dies at 78

In 1778- Johann Balthasar Kehl composer, dies at 52

In 1783- Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer composer, dies at 71

In 1789- Abdül-Hamid I 27th sultan of Turkey (1774-89), dies at 64

In 1789- Peter Camper anatomist/animal scholar, dies at 66

In 1803- [François Dominique] Toussaint L'Ouverture Haitian revolutionary, dies

In 1810- Pieter L van de Kasteele Dutch politician/patriot, dies at 61

In 1833- Antoni Henryk Radziwill Lithuanian/Polish composer, dies at 57

In 1842- Henrik A Bjerregaard Norwegian writer/poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50

In 1850- William Lisle Bowles English poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87

In 1858- Anton Diabelli Austria publisher/composer, dies at 76

In 1862- Sydney Nelson composer, dies at 62

In 1871- Alexander grandson of English queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old

In 1871- Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff Austrian Admiral (Helgoland/Lissa), dies at 43

In 1875- Georg Herwegh writer, dies at 57

In 1877- Errico Petrella composer, dies at 63

In 1880- Diederich Krug composer, dies at 58

In 1881- Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte Corsican MP, dies at 65

In 1884- Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe Flemish poet (Avondlamp), dies at 80

In 1891- P[hineas] T Barnum US circus promoter (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 80

In 1917- Spyridon Filiskos Samaras composer, dies at 53

In 1932- Erv A Kelley US policeman, shot to death by Pretty Boy Floyd

In 1933- Jan Erik/Eric Jan Hanussen Berlin astrologist/illusionist, murdered

In 1934- William Monroe Trotter civil rights activist/journalist, dies on 62nd birthday in Boston

In 1943- Jovan Ducic Serbian poet (Blue Legends), dies at 72

In 1950- Walter Huston dies at 66

In 1955- Theda Bara actress (Camille, Cleopatra, 2 Orphans), dies at 62

In 1958- Judge Jackson composer, dies at 75

In 1958- Klimenty Arkad'yevich Korchmaryov composer, dies at 58

In 1961- Marian Jordan radio comedienne (Fibber McGee & Molly), dies at 62

In 1961- Jesus Guridi composer, dies at 74

In 1961- Yusef Greiss composer, dies at 61

In 1967- Anne Morrison Chapin dies in West Hollywood

In 1968- Jim Clark of Scotland, former world driving champion, dies in race car at 32

In 1970- Josina Machel wife of Mozambique's 1st President Samora Machel, dies

In 1971- Charles F Pahud de Mortanges (Olympics-gold-1928, 32), dies at 74

In 1972- "Crazy" Joe Gallo mobster, killed at his 43rd birthday party

In 1972- Abeid Karume Tanzanian sheik/President, murdered

In 1972- Victor Wong actor (Mission to Moscow, King Kong) dies at 65

In 1973- Nick Stuart bandleader, dies of cancer at 69

In 1976- Mary Margaret McBride TV hostess (Mary Margaret McBride), dies at 76

In 1977- Siegfried Buback German Federal Republic procureur-General, murdered Attorney-General

In 1978- Ernest Kanitz composer, dies at 83

In 1979- Bruno Apitz writer, dies at 78

In 1982- Brenda Benet actress (Track of Thunder), commits suicide by gun at 36

In 1983- Gavin Gordon television actor (Romance, Lone Cowboy), dies at 82

In 1984- Samuel G Engel screenwriter/poet, dies of heart failure at 79

In 1984- Frank Church (Senator-Democrat-OH, 1957-81), dies at 59

In 1987- Maxine Sullivan [Williams] American actress (Going Places), dies at 75

In 1988- Cesar Bresgen Austrian composer/organist, dies at 74

In 1989- Tikhon Toropets patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint, dies at 123(?)

In 1992- Alix Talton former Miss Georgia, dies of lung cancer at 72

In 1992- Clovis Ruffin fashion designer (T shirt dress), dies of AIDS at 46

In 1992- Rick Emery dies after long illness at 39

In 1993- Max Croiset Dutch actor/dramatist/director (Zeekant), dies at 80

In 1993- Richard Schmiechen dies of AIDS at 45

In 1993- S C (Billy) Griffith cricketer (England 1948-49, MCC secretary), dies

In 1994- Agathe Uwilingiyimana PM of Rwanda, assassinated

In 1994- Angelus Gottfried "Golo" Mann German/US historian, dies at 85

In 1994- Arthur Gordon Clough journalist, dies at 59

In 1994- Evert Hartman Dutch writer (War Without Friends), dies at 56

In 1994- François de Grossouvre President Mitterrand advisor, suicide at 76

In 1994- Kurt Cobain grunge rocker (Nirvana), commits suicide by gun at 27

In 1994- Lee Brilleaux British R&B-singer/guitarist (Stupidity), dies at 41

In 1995- Philip Vincent Belloc Jebb architect, dies at 68

In 1996- Ian Spurling ballet designer, dies at 59

April 7 -Holidays

* China : Ching Ming - families gather at graves of ancestors

* Haiti : World Health Day (1948)

* Yugoslavia : Republic Day (1963)

* Switzerland : Glarius Festival (1388) - - - - - ( Thursday )

* Massachusetts : Student Government Day - - - - - ( Friday )

April 7 -Religious History

In 1541- Spanish founder of the Jesuits Francis Xavier, 35, and three friends set sail from Lisbon, Portugal for Goa. They became the first Roman Catholic missionaries to travel to India.

In 1628- Jonas Michaelius, 51, arrived in New Amsterdam (New York City), the first minister of the Dutch Reformed Church to come to America.

In 1884- Birth of C. H. Dodd, English clergyman and Bible scholar. Dodd became the most influential British New Testament scholar of the mid-20th century, and penned over a dozen books, including "The Parables of the Kingdom" (1934).

In 1953- Swedish statesman Dag Hammarskjld, 47, was elected Secretary General of the United Nations. Hammarskjld endeared himself to Christians, after his death in 1961, through the 1964 publication of his spiritual journal, "Markings."

In 1968- In a letter penned during his 83rd and final year of life, Karl Barth wrote: 'How one learns to be thankful for each day on which one can still do something.'