On This Day [ April 23 ]


Friday, April 23, 2021 -Quote Of The Day...

* " If you bow at all, bow low. "

On This Day In History...

In 1014- King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf

In 1154- Damascus surrenders to sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo

In 1348- 1st English order of knighthood founded (Order of the Garter)

In 1500- Pedro Álvarez Cabral lands & annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)

In 1504- King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria

In 1616- Netherlands buys De Briel/Vlissingen/Fort Rammekens from England

In 1633- Sweden & Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn

In 1661- English king Charles II crowned in London

In 1662- Connecticut chartered as an English colony

In 1705- Richard Steele's "Tender Husband", premieres in London

In 1723- Cornelis Steenoven elected archbishop of Utrecht

In 1775- The opera "Il Ré Pastore" is produced (Salzburg)

In 1789- President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York

In 1795- William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason

In 1798- Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution

In 1826- Missolonghi captured by Turks

In 1838- English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in New York NY

In 1851- Canada issues its 1st postage stamps

In 1860- Democratic convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery

In 1861- Arkansas troops seize Fort Smith

In 1861- Battle of San Antonio TX

In 1864- Battle of Cane River LA (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)

In 1867- Queen Victoria & Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel

In 1871- Blossom Rock in San Francisco Bay blown up

In 1878- 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram

In 1881- Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience or Bunthorne's Bride" produced in London

In 1883- John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government

In 1891- Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia

In 1896- Vitascope system of movie projection 1st demonstrated (Koster & Bial's Music Hall, NYC)

In 1900- 1st known occurrence of word "hillbillie" (New York Journal)

In 1903- New York Highlanders (Yankees) win their 1st game beating Washington Senators 7-2

In 1904- American Academy of Arts & Letters forms

In 1908- Denmark, Germany, England, France, Netherlands & Sweden signs North Sea accord

In 1910- International Exhibition opens in Brussels

In 1915- ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)

In 1916- Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn", premieres in NYC

In 1918- Battle of Zeebrugge ends

In 1918- Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea

In 1918- National Urban League forms

In 1919- Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season

In 1920- Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara

In 1921- Charles Paddock runs world record 100 meter (10.4 seconds)

In 1924- British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley

In 1925- 1st London performance of operetta "Fasquita" staged

In 1925- Pastor LH Perquin forms Union of Catholic Dutch Radio (KRO) forms

In 1932- Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon

In 1933- Dovo soccer team forms in Veenendaal

In 1936- Carl Hubbell's 1st start of season is his 17th straight win

In 1938- Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

In 1939- 1st performance of Béla Bartók's 2nd Concerto for violin

In 1939- Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st homerun

In 1940- Dance hall fires kills 198 (Natchez MS)

In 1940- New York Yankees dedicate a plaque to Jacob Rupert

In 1941- Greece Army surrenders to German Nazi's RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt

In 1942- 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins

In 1942- Luftwaffe bombs Exeter

In 1943- British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta

In 1945- Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated

In 1945- US troops in Italy cross river Po

In 1946- Brooklyn Dodger Ed Head no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0

In 1948- KSTP TV channel 5 in St Paul-Minneapolis MN (ABC) 1st broadcast

In 1949- Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in San Francisco

In 1949- Chinese Red army conquerors Nanjing

In 1949- Netherlands annexes Elten & Tudderen

In 1950- 1st major league day game completed under lights (Phillies 6, Braves 5)

In 1950- 4th NBA Championship Minneapolis Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 2

In 1950- Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island

In 1950- Stanley Cup Detroit Red Wings beat New York Rangers, 4 games to 3

In 1951- Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Richmond Women's Golf Open

In 1952- Bob Cain of St Louis Browns & Bob Feller of Cleveland Indians each pitch a one-hitter

In 1952- New York Giant Hoyt Wilhelm wins his 1st relief game & hits his only homerun

In 1952- Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed

In 1953- General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA

In 1953- KTAR (now KPNX) TV channel 12 in Phoenix AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting

In 1953- WCOV TV channel 20 in Montgomery AL (IND/CBS) begins broadcasting

In 1954- Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers

In 1954- NBA adopts the 24-second shot clock rule

In 1955- "Kismet" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances

In 1955- Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Carrollton Golf Open

In 1956- US Supreme court ends race segregation on buses

In 1958- Gil Hodges hits his 300th homerun & Pee Wee Reese plays in 2,000th game

In 1959- "Destry Rides Again" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 472 performances

In 1959- 1st heliport in Britain opens in London

In 1960- 1st performance of Ferde Grofé's "San Francisco Suite"

In 1961- "Tenderloin" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 216 performances

In 1961- Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open

In 1962- New York Mets win their 1st game ever, after going 0-9, beat Pittsburgh Pirates 9-1

In 1962- Ranger 4, 1st US satellite to reach Moon launched from Cape Canaveral

In 1962- 1st US satellite to reach the moon launched

In 1963- Jerry Bock & S Harnick's musical "She Loves Me", premieres at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 302 performances

In 1964- Houston Colt 45s Ken Johnson becomes 1st major league pitcher to lose a 9 inning no-hitter, Cincinnati Reds win 1-0

In 1964- James Baldwin's "Blues for Mr Charlie", premieres in NYC

In 1964- New York State Theater opens

In 1965- Launch of 1st Soviet communications satellite

In 1967- Soyuz 1 launched; Vladimir Komarov becomes 1st in-flight casualty when its parachute lines became tangled and the parachutes failed to open properly upon return to Earth

In 1967- Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational

In 1968- United Methodist Church forms

In 1968- "I'm Solomon" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 7 performances

In 1968- 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 pence)

In 1969- Over 1000 square miles flooded in Shantung Province China

In 1969- Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy

In 1969- ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Jim Chestney

In 1969- Los Angeles Laker Jerry West scores 53 points

In 1971- Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike

In 1971- Soyuz 10 launched; soft docked with Salyut 1

In 1972- Apollo 16 astronauts explore Moon surface

In 1972- 26th Tony Awards Sticks & Bones & 2 Gentlemen of Verona win

In 1972- Betty Burfeind wins LPGA Birmingham Centennital Golf Classic

In 1974- USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR

In 1975- Harold Pinter's "No Man's Land", premieres in London

In 1977- Czechoslovakian chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10

In 1977- Dr Allen Bussey completes 20,302 yo-yo loops

In 1977- ADO The Hague soccer team forms

In 1977- Military workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa

In 1978- Amy Alcott wins LPGA American Defender Golf Classic

In 1978- Cincinnati Red Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 cons errorless games at 2nd

In 1978- USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR

In 1980- Soviet sub catches fire off Japan, 9 die

In 1983- David Hookes scores his only Test Cricket century, 143 vs Sri Lanka

In 1984- AIDS-virus identified (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

In 1985- Brooklyn College soccer team wins Nepal's invitational

In 1985- New Coke debuts

In 1985- Philadelphia Flyers 5-New York Islanders 3-Patrick Division Finals-Flyers hold 3-0 lead

In 1985- Coca-Cola announced it is changing its secret flavor formula

In 1986- Grand Floridian Beach Resort groundbreaking

In 1986- Madrid-Nelli Cooman runs world record 60 meter indoor (7 seconds)

In 1987- 28 construction workers killed in an apartment building collapse in Bridgeport CT

In 1987- New Jersey Devils farm team Maine Mariners (AHL) move to Utica (Devils) NY

In 1988- A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft, 74 miles

In 1988- Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hours or less

In 1988- Karolina Szabo runs female world record 25k (1:29:30)/30k (1:47:06)

In 1989- Kareem Abdul-Jabbar plays his last game as a Los Angeles Laker

In 1989- Students in Beijing China announce class boycotts

In 1989- Betsy King wins LPGA USX Golf Classic

In 1989- Nolan Ryan blows a no hitter in 9th inning

In 1990- 11th Emmy Sports Award presentation

In 1991- Bjorn Borg loses 6-2, 6-3 to Jordi Arrese after 8 year lay off

In 1991- Gordon Greenidge scores 223 vs Australia, his last Test Cricket knock at home

In 1991- USSR grants republics right to secede under certain conditions

In 1992- "Shirnada" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 4 performances

In 1992- Marion Berry (former mayor of Washington DC) is released from prison

In 1992- McDonald's opens its 1st fast-food restaurant in China

In 1993- Eritrea votes to secede from Ethiopia

In 1993- Mötley Crüe's Mike Mars files for divorce from Emi-Canyn

In 1993- Peter Townshend's musical "Tommy", premieres in NYC

In 1994- Army shoots to death 23-40 fishermen in Gonaives Haiti

In 1994- General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Norm Duke

In 1994- Libertarian party nominates Howard Stern for Governor of New York

In 1995- Laura Davis wins LPGA Chick-fil-A Charity Golf Championship

In 1995- President Bill Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City bombing victims

In 1996- Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Reno NV on KRZQ 96.5 FM

In 1996- Sotherby begins 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-takes in $34.5 million

In 1997- "Titanic", opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC

In 1997- 32nd Academy of Country Music Awards LeAnn Rines, Brooks & Dunn win

April 23 -Birthdays

In 1464- Johanna van Valois Queen of France

In 1464- Robert Fayrfax composer

In 1484- Julius Cćsar Scaliger Italy, scholar (On the Subtlety of Things)

In 1500- Alexander Alesius [Aless/Alane] System theologist/physician

In 1551- Boris Godunov tsar of Muscovy (1598-1605) in Time of Troubles

In 1564- William Shakespeare Stratford-on-Avon England, bard (Hamlet, MacBeth, Julius Cćsar)

In 1598- Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp naval commander

In 1623- Jan Adam Reincken composer

In 1629- John Commelin director (Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam)

In 1649- Andreas Kneller composer

In 1697- George Baron Anson British Admiral/explorer

In 1708- Friedrich von Hagedorn German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)

In 1715- Johann Friedrich Doles composer

In 1728- Samuel Wallis explorer (Wallis Island)

In 1735- Ildephons Haas composer

In 1747- Alexandre-Auguste Robineau composer

In 1756- Alexander Reinagle composer

In 1775- Joseph Mallord Turner England, landscape painter (Shipwreck)

In 1791- James Buchanan Cove Gap PA, (Federalist/Democrat), 15th US President (1857-61)

In 1791- W Friedrich Olivier German landscape painter/cartoonist

In 1803- Jules J baron d'Anethan Belgian minister of Justice

In 1804- Guillaume Nerenburger Belgian General (Triangulatie of Belgium)

In 1809- Eugene-Prosper Prevost composer

In 1810- Thomas Wright historian

In 1812- Louis-Antoine Julien conductor

In 1813- Stephen Arnold Douglas [Little Giant] US Senator (Lincoln debates)

In 1818- James Anthony Froude historian

In 1818- John Gill Shorter Governor (Confederacy), died in 1872

In 1821- Pierre Dupont song writer

In 1823- Abdül-Medjid 31st sultan of Turkey (1839-61)

In 1827- Johann F Ritter von Schulte German Catholic lawyer

In 1828- Albert king of Saxon (1873-1902)

In 1838- Alfred J Verwee Flemish painter

In 1852- Edwin Markham US, poet (1st winner of Amer Academy of Poets Award 1937)

In 1855- Ernst L Wolzogen German writer/founder (Cabaret Überbrettl)

In 1857- Ruggero Leoncavallo Naples Italy, composer (I Medici)

In 1858- Max Ludwig Planck German physicist (Quanta Physics, Planck Constant, Nobel 1918)

In 1861- Edmund Henry Hynman 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo/Fieldmarshal

In 1867- Simon Abramsz Dutch teacher/writer (For the Young Ones)

In 1877- Arthur Farwell composer

In 1881- Claude Carter South African slow lefty cricketer (1912-22)

In 1881- Otakar Sini composer

In 1882- Albert Coates St Petersburg Russia, conductor/composer (Eagle)

In 1882- Max [G M J] Winders Maximilien Belgium, architect (WWII)

In 1889- Charles Warrell big Chief I-Spy writer/teacher

In 1890- Donald Nichols Tweedy composer

In 1890- Marcel L'Herbier French director/screenwriter (El Dorado)

In 1891- Sergey Prokofiev Ukraine, composer (Peter & the Wolf)

In 1891- Sergey Sergeyevich Prokofiev Ukraine, composer (Peter & the Wolf)

In 1892- Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort] Flemish writer

In 1892- R Huelsenbeck writer

In 1893- Frank Borzage Salt Lake City, director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo)

In 1894- Basil Sydney St Osyth Essex England, actor (Hamlet, Jassy, Simba, Farmer's Wife)

In 1894- George Renevant Paris France, actor (Moulin Rouge, Scotland Yard, Comrade X)

In 1896- Margaret Kennedy novelist

In 1897- Lester Bowles Pearson (L) 14th Canadian PM (1963-68) (Nobel 1957)

In 1897- Lucius D Clay US, General (WWII)

In 1897- Harold French director (Encore)/actor

In 1897- John Wengraf Vienna Austria, actor (12 to Moon, Pride & Passion)

In 1897- Lucius du Bignon Clay US, General (WWII)/Governor (West Germany)

In 1898- Edwin E Dwinger German writer (General Vlassov)

In 1899- Dame Edith Ngaio Marsh Christchurch New Zealand, Kiwi mystery writer (Black Beech & Honeydew)

In 1899- Vladimir Nabokov St Petersburg Russia, novelist (Lolita, Ada)

In 19XX- Tina Andrews Chicago IL, actress (Sanford Arms, Valerie-Falcon Crest)

In 1900- Ary Verhaar composer

In 1900- Henry Barraud composer

In 1900- Joseph Green film maker

In 1902- Halldór Laxness Iceland, novelist (Salka Valka) (Nobel 1955)

In 1904- Duncan Renaldo Spain, actor (Cisco Kid)

In 1904- Leslie French actor/singer (More than a Miracle)

In 1905- Lord Carew Ireland, judge (dressage)

In 1906- Marcel Hillaire Cologne Germany, actor (Adventures in Paradise)

In 1906- Maria Arnoldo [Adrianus Broeders], photographer/writer

In 1907- Baroness Dudley

In 1908- Frederick Hawkins dancer

In 1908- Herbert Telley British actuary

In 1909- Thomas Padmore senior civil servant

In 1910- Simone Simon France, actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love)

In 1911- Ronald Neame director (1st Monday in October, Poseidon Adventure)

In 1913- Jan Meyerowitz composer

In 1914- John Hubbard Indiana Harbor IN, actor (Don't Call Me Charlie)

In 1914- Andrew Martin Lord-Lieutenant (Lechestershire England)

In 1914- Mitsu Suzuki teacher of tea ceremony at San Francisco Zen Center

In 1915- Arnold Hall CEO (Hawker Siddeley Group)

In 1916- Bud Wilkinson college football coach (Oklahoma)

In 1917- Jacob Kistemaker nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge)

In 1918- Anthony Craxton British TV producer

In 1918- Maurice Druon [Kessel] French writer/journalist (Prix Goncourt)

In 1919- Dorian Leigh San Antonio TX, model, sister of Suzy Parker

In 1919- Talivaldis Kenins composer

In 1920- Eric Yarrow CEO (Clydesdale Bank)

In 1920- Louis Barron composer

In 1921- Janet Blair Altoona PA, actress (Leave it to the Girls, Smith Family)

In 1921- Warren Spahn left-handed pitcher (Boston/Milwaukee Braves)

In 1922- Boy [Segundo JA] Ecury Aruba, resistance fighter

In 1922- Diarmuid Downs auto engineer

In 1923- Avram Davidson American sci-fi writer (Joyleg, Phoenix & the Mirror, Peregrine Primus, Rork!)

In 1923- James Kirkup travel writer/poet/novelist (African in Greenland)

In 1923- Nathan "Dambuzza" Mdledle singer (played a major role in the evolution of South African music)

In 1924- Arthur Frackenpohl Irving NJ, composer (Natural Superiority of Music)

In 1924- James Colin Ross Welch columnist/critic

In 1924- Malcolm Anson CEO (Wessex Water Authority)

In 1926- James P Donleavy Brooklyn NY, novelist (The Ginger Man, Onion Eaters)

In 1926- Virgil I [Gus] Grissom astronaut (Liberty Bell 7, Gemini 3)

In 1926- Richard Laws Master (St Edmunds College Cambridge)

In 1927- Russell Smith composer

In 1928- Shirley Temple Black Santa Monica CA, child actress (Heidi)/ambassador (UN)

In 1928- Bill Cotton CEO (Noel Gay TV)

In 1928- Okke Jager Dutch theologist/writer/poet

In 1929- George Steiner professor (English)

In 1930- Alan Oppenheimer New York NY, actor (6 Million Dollar Man, Eischied)

In 1930- Michael Bowen Roman Catholic Archbishop (Southwark)

In 1932- Halston [R Halston Frowick] fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame)

In 1932- Jim Fixx jogger/writer (Jim Fixx on Running)

In 1933- Roger Wittevrongel Flemish painter

In 1935- David Evans MP

In 1936- Elias [Etienne Michiels] Flemish painter

In 1936- Estelle Harris actress (Estelle Castanza-Seinfeld)

In 1936- John D'Arcy cricketer (New Zealand Test batsman on 1958 England tour)

In 1936- Joseph Willaert Flemish painter

In 1936- Roy Orbison Vernon TX, rocker (Oh Pretty Woman, Only The Lonely)

In 1937- Barry Shepherd cricketer (Australian lefty bat early 60's)

In 1937- Don Massengale Jackson TX, PGA golfer (1966 Bing Crosby Celebrity)

In 1937- Victoria Glendinning author (Edith Sitwell A Unicorn Among Lions)

In 1938- Leonard Ernest John Chant social worker

In 1938- Russell Hillhouse under-secretary Scottish Office

In 1938- Steven D Symms (Senator-Republican-ID, 1981- )

In 1939- David Birney Washington DC, actor (Brigette Loves Bernie, St Elsewhere)

In 1939- Lee Majors [Harvey Lee Yearly] Wyandotte MI, TV actor (Big Valley, $6,000,000 Man, Fall Guy)

In 1939- Ray Peterson Denton TX, singer (Tell Laura I Love Her)

In 1939- William Hagerty editor (People)

In 1940- Richard Monaco US, sci-fi author (Grail War, Final Quest)

In 1941- Ed Stewart British DJ

In 1941- Hal Daub (Representative-Republican-NE, 1981- )

In 1943- Herve Villechaize France, "Da Plane! Da Plane!" (Fantasy Island)

In 1943- Tony Esposito Ontario Canada, NHL goalie (Chicago Blackhawks)

In 1943- [Gerardus] Bob van Toll actor/interpreter/director (Pastorale 1943)

In 1943- Carmen von Thyssen Barcelona Spain, Baroness

In 1943- Hugh Davies composer

In 1944- Sandra Dee [Alexandra Zuck] Bayonne NJ, actress (Gidget, A Summer Place, Tammy and the Doctor, Imitation of Life)

In 1944- Niklaus Schilling Basel Germany, director (Dormire, Atem, Rheingold)

In 1947- Bernadette Devlin McAliskey Ireland, political activist

In 1947- Saskia [Trudy van den Berg] singer (S & Serge, Spinning Wheel)

In 1948- Richard Day engineer/development expert

In 1948- Tessa Wyatt actress (Beast in the Cellar, Wedding Night)

In 1949- Blair Brown Washington DC, actress (Altered States, Molly Dodd)

In 1949- John Miles vocal/guitar/keyboards (John Miles Band-Rebel, Zaragon)

In 1949- Joyce DeWitt Wheeling WV, actress (Janet Wood-Three's Company)

In 1949- Walter Sweeney MP

In 1951- Loek Hermans Dutch MP (VVD)

In 1952- Lionel Johnston Augusta GA, actor (Sons & Daughters)

In 1952- Narada Michael Walden Kalamazoo MI, rocker/producer (I Don't Want Nobody Else, I Shoulda Loved Ya)

In 1952- Tony Maselli (fictional character on "Who's the Boss")

In 1952- Terry Moor Hartford CT, tennis star

In 1953- Fred Upton (Representative-Republican-MI)

In 1953- James Russo New York NY, actor (My Own Private Idaho, China Girl)

In 1955- Captain Sensible bassist (Damned-Happy Talk)

In 1955- Judy Davis Perth Australia, actress (Husbands & Wives)

In 1955- Mike Smith British DJ

In 1955- Su Ingle London England, British TV hostess (Tomorrow's World)

In 1955- Tony Miles chess player

In 1956- Peter Teravainen Plymouth MA USA, Australasia golfer

In 1957- Jan Hooks Decatur GA, comedienne actress (Saturday Night Live, Designing Women)

In 1957- Kathleen Lynch Motueka New Zealand, cyclist (Olympics-96)

In 1959- Terri Luckhurst LPGA golfer

In 1960- Steve Clark Hillsborough England, rock guitarist (Def Leppard-Hysteria)

In 1960- Valerie Bertinelli Wilmington DE, actress(One Day at a Time, Sydney)/ Mrs Eddie Van Halen

In 1960- Joseph Martin Mudd Louisville KY, PGA golfer (1988 Federal Express)

In 1963- Benoit Doucet Montréal Québec Canada, hockey forward (Team Germany 1998)

In 1964- Dan Frischman Whippany NJ, actor (Arvid Engen-Head of the Class)

In 1964- Gen [Simon Matthews] English pop drummer (Jesus Jones-Zeroes & Ones)

In 1964- Martin Lopez-Zubero Spanish backstroke swimmer (world record 200 meter)

In 1965- Donna Weinbrecht skier (Olympics-gold)

In 1966- Jacques "Jacq" Koumans soccer player (NAC)

In 1966- Richard Greenwood Los Angeles CA, Canadian Tour golfer (1990 Napa Valley)

In 1966- Wayne Drinkwalter CFL defensive tackle (British Columbia Lions)

In 1967- Brent Muscat rocker (Faster Pussycat-Wake Me When It's Over)

In 1967- Melina Kanakaredes Akron OH, actress (Dr Sydney Hanson-Providence, Eleni Andros-Guiding Light)

In 1967- Rheal Cormier New Brunswick, pitcher (Montréal Expos)

In 1968- Susan Emily Savastano East Providence RI, Miss Rhode Island-America (1991)

In 1969- Nadeem Shahid cricketer

In 1970- Cristiano Caratti Italy, tennis star (1987 Orange Bowl boys doubles)

In 1970- Frank Temming WLAF running back (Amsterdam Admirals)

In 1971- Chuck Adams Pacific Palisades CA, tennis star (1989 USTA Boys)

In 1972- Rachel Hetherington Port Macquarie New South Wales, golfer (1993 New South Wales champion)

In 1973- Derek Armstrong Ottawa, NHL center (New York Islanders)

In 1973- Patrick Poulin Vanier, NHL left wing (Tampa Bay Lightning)

In 1974- Joey Kent wide receiver (Tennessee Oilers)

In 1974- Sam Madison cornerback (Miami Dolphins)

In 1975- Bret Anderson CFL slot back (British Columbia Lions)

In 1976- Tamas Buday Jr Budapest Hungary, Canadian canoeist (Olympics-96)

In 1981- Gabriella Windsor daughter of English prince Michael

April 23 -Deaths Which Occurred

In 0034- Christ crucified, according to Isaac Newton

In 0303- George knight of Cappadocië/saint/patron of England, beheaded

In 0871- Ethelred I king of Wessex/brother of Alfred the Great, dies

In 0990- Ekkehart II [Palatinus] monk to St-Gallen/poet, dies

In 0997- Vojtech "Adalbert" of Prague 2nd bishop of Prague/apostle, dies at 40

In 1014- Brian Boru king of Ireland, dies in battle at 87

In 1014- Sweyn Forkbeard Viking king of England (1013-14), dies

In 1016- Aethelbred II "the Unready" king of England (979-1016), dies

In 1416- Blaise/Blasius of Parma Italian astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies

In 1616- Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra Spanish writer (Don Quixote), dies at 69

In 1616- William Shakespeare English author (Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet), dies on his 52nd birthday

In 1625- Maurice of Nassau Prince of Orange, dies at 57

In 1670- Loreto Vittori composer, dies at 69

In 1691- Jean-Henri D'Anglebert composer, dies

In 1695- Henry Vaughan poet (Silex Scintillans), dies at 72

In 1728- Tomas de Torrejon y Velasco composer, dies at 83

In 1732- Cajetan Kolberer composer, dies at 63

In 1740- Thomas Tickell poet, dies

In 1742- Mihael Omerza composer, dies at 62

In 1762- Johann Samuel Endler composer, dies at 67

In 1774- Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich painter, dies

In 1786- Alexander Cozens English water colors painter, dies at about 68

In 1812- Franz Sebastian Haindl composer, dies at 85

In 1827- Johanna C Wattier-Ziesenis actress (Phaedra/Lady MacBeth), dies at 65

In 1838- John W Janssens Governor-General of Cape Colony/Dutch-Indies, dies at 75

In 1847- Erik Gustaf Geijer composer, dies at 64

In 1850- William Wordsworth poet, dies at 80

In 1853- Auguste Laurent chemist, dies

In 1865- James Dearing US Confederate Brigadier-General, dies at 24

In 1878- Friedrich Preller landscape painter, dies

In 1880- Guess Saleh [Sarief Bastaman] Javanese painter, dies

In 1885- William Henry Holmes composer, dies at 73

In 1895- Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig physiologist, dies

In 1897- Clement Harris composer, dies at 25

In 1905- Karel Komzak composer, dies at 54

In 1915- Rupert Chawner Brooke English poet (Lithuania), dies at 27

In 1918- Percy Thomson Dean Lieutenant-commander, killed at Zeebrugge, dies

In 1925- André Caplet French composer (Le miroir de Jésus), dies at 45

In 1926- Joseph Pennell artist/author, dies

In 1929- Rudolf W Nilsen Norwegian poet (Hverdagen), dies at 28

In 1942- Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear President of Argentina (1922-28), dies at 73

In 1943- Fréderic baron d'Erlanger French composer/banker, dies at 74

In 1945- Albrecht Haushofer writer, dies at 42

In 1946- Jesus Castillo composer, dies at 68

In 1952- Elisabeth Schumann singer, dies

In 1952- Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Neart] Flemish writer, dies at 60

In 1955- Robert H Woltjer classical/AR-First-Member of parliament, dies at 76

In 1957- William Orlamond actor (Flesh & Devil, Words & Music), dies at 89

In 1960- Cornelis Jan Bakkerr Dutch/US nuclear physicist, dies

In 1960- Toyohiko Kagawa Japanese Christian-social reformer/writer, dies at 71

In 1962- Stirling Moss auto racer, killed while racing at 32

In 1965- Josephina J "Fien" de la Mar Dutch actress (Pygmalion), dies at 67

In 1969- Krzystzof Komeda composer, dies at 37

In 1970- Herb Shriner humorist/TV host (Herb Shriner Show), dies at 51

In 1971- William Tubman President of Liberia (1944-71), dies at 76

In 1973- Otto Eissfeldt German old testament scholar, dies at 85

In 1975- Pete Ham rocker (Badfinger), commits suicide by hanging himself at 27

In 1975- R D Brinkmann writer, dies

In 1975- William Hartnell actor (Dr Who), dies at 67

In 1976- James Flavin actor (Man With a Camera), dies at 69

In 1976- Shimen Ruskin actor (Meyer-Corner Bar), dies at 68

In 1976- Ronald Radd actor (King Lear, Up Jumped a Swagman), dies at 47

In 1980- Jane Froman US singer (JF's USA Canteen), dies at 72

In 1983- Buster Crabbe 400 meter US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932)/actor, dies from a heart attack in Scottsdale AZ at 76

In 1983- Selena Royale actress (Robot Monster), dies at 78

In 1984- August "Guus" Oster actor/director (Carrie), dies at 68

In 1985- Kent Smith actor (Peyton Place, Invaders), dies at 78

In 1985- Sam J Ervin Jr (Senator-Democrat-NC), dies at 88

In 1986- Harold Arlen [Hyman Arluck] US composer, murdered at 81

In 1986- Jim Laker cricketer (193 wickets for England at 21 24), dies

In 1986- Otto Preminger director (Advise & Consent, Anatomy of Murder), dies at 79

In 1988- Arthur Michael Lord Ramsey/archbishop of Canterbury, dies

In 1990- Albert Salmi (Caddyshack), kills terminally ill wife & self at 62

In 1990- Palmer Deane actor (Still of the Night), dies

In 1990- Paulette Goddard actress (Hazard), dies of heart failure in Ronco Switzerland at 78

In 1991- Peter Bailey Graphic designer/calligrapher, dies

In 1992- Deron Johnson 1965 National League run leader, dies of cancer at 53

In 1992- Satyajit Ray Indian director (Distant Thunder/Agantuk), dies at 70

In 1992- Victoria Kellem Lederman model, dies of amyloidosis at 52

In 1993- Bertus Aafjes poet/writer (World is a Muze), dies at 78

In 1993- Lalith Athulathmudali Sri Lankan minister, murdered at 59

In 1994- Cassidy Clinton Cremer author (John Cremer), murdered at 30

In 1994- Cecile Dreesmann son of Anton Dreesmann, dies at 74

In 1995- Howard Cosell sportscaster (Monday Night Football), dies at 77

In 1995- John Stennis (Senator-Democrat-MS), dies at 93

In 1995- Lonesome Sundown blues singer/guitarist, dies at 66

In 1995- Robert Selby Taylor bishop, dies at 86

In 1996- Leonard Kuntstat blues discographer, dies at 70

In 1996- Pamela Lyndon Travers writer (Mary Poppins), dies at 96

April 23 -Holidays

* Bermuda : Peppercorn Day

* Turkey : National Sovereignty Day/Children's Day (1923)

April 23 -Religious History

In 33 C- Christian tradition says the Jesus Christ, crucified three days earlier, was raised from the dead -- marking this date as the very first Easter. (The next time Easter falls on April 23rd will be in the year 2000.)

In 1586- Birth of Martin Rinkart, German clergyman and Latin scholar. Rinkart, a prolific writer, penned the German hymn which begins: "Nun danket alle Gott..." ("Now Thank We All Our God").

In 1779- Anglican clergyman and hymnwriter John Newton wrote in a letter: '"What Thou wilt, when Thou wilt, how Thou wilt." I had rather speak these three sentences from my heart in my mother tongue than be master of all the languages in Europe.'

In 1789- What is believed to have been the first Catholic newspaper in America, "The Courier de Boston" published its first issue. (The periodical lasted only until October 15th of this same year.)

In 1968- In Dallas, the 10.3 million-member Methodist and the 750 thousand-member Evangelical United Brethren churches joined together to form the United Methodist Church. The merger made this the second largest Protestant denomination in the United States (after the Southern Baptists).